### Why Learn Multiplication Tables?

Learning and knowing your times tables is an important maths skill. Children should learn their multiplication tables up to 12 x 12. They should be able to recall these number facts quickly when asked to work out word problems, using written methods and in mental maths.

Multiplication is used almost everywhere, from shopping to sharing out sweets. Many children learn multiplication by rote. Some learn by writing out each times table and it's corresponding division sums. Many children will also learn their times tables using a multiplication square.

### Learning Multiplication Tables

The key to learning multiplication facts is by going over each multiplication table repeatedly. This is a better way to help children memorise the times tables facts.

Many children learn each times table one at a time. They remember it in their short term memory. By the end of the day, or week, they will have forgotten most of it. The aim should be to help children to keep these multiplication facts in their long term memory, so that they can draw on the information when ever it is needed.

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### How To Learn Multiplication Tables

- A multiplication or times tables square can be used to learn the times tables, find division facts, find square numbers and multiples of a number, look for patterns between times tables and much more!
- It is a good idea to encourage children to learn their division facts at the same time as learning their multiplication facts.
- Blank multiplication squares can be given to older children to fill in on a regular basis
- Ask children multiplication tables questions (What is 3 x 4?) when out and about, e.g. when in the car, walking to school.
- Ask children multiplication tables in number order e.g. 1 x 3=, 2 x 3=, 3 x 3= ...
- Ask children multiplication tables in mixed up e.g. 8 x 3 =, 5 x 3 =, 2 x 3 = ...
- As the above two tips but using division questions.
- Ask simple multiplication word or division word problems, e.g. If I buy 6 pencils at 5p each, how much money will I need?

### Free Multiplication Square

Teach My Kids - KS2 Maths. Our worksheets contain activities to help Primary School children learn their times tables and division facts.

- The free worksheet link below contains a filled in times tables square. This can be used to help with checking answers, answering questions and word problems.

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