How to teach letters and sounds (Phonics) at home

Advice and Tips Type English Free Teaching Resources Subject English Age 3 to 5 Years Old 5 to 7 Years Old Key Stages Early Years Foundation Stage Key Stage 1

If your child has just started school or is due to start soon, you may want to give them a headstart by helping them learn their letter sounds (phonics). 

The way letters and sounds are taught in school is very different to going through the alphabet from a-z. 

Children in school follow the DFE Letters and Sounds phonics programmes.  Teachers should provide daily speaking and listening activities at school everyday.  The children are split into groups according to their ability and knowledge of phonics.

The Letters and Sounds programme is split into 6 Phases. Each phase aims to develop speaking and listening skills, and prepares children to become fluent readers by the age of 7 by developing their phonic knowledge and skills in a systematic way.

Children start by experiencing a wealth of listening activities including songs, stories and rhymes.  They can be divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds, oral blending and segmenting.

The children then move onto Phase 2, where they begin to learn letter sounds, blend and segment words, and learn to read and write tricky words.

Join Teach My Kids and download a Letters and Sounds booklet, aimed at informing parents about phonics, including what the 6 Phonics Phases are and how phonics is taught in school.  The guide includes a useful glossary, activities that can be done at home and resource sheets. Subscribe to your child's year group for targetted Maths and English worksheets.  

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